Old Testament

1 Chronicles 11
David Becomes King
111All Israel gathered to David at Hebron to say, “Look! We are your flesh and blood.[] 2Previously when Saul was king, you led Israel out to battle and back again. Besides, the Lord your God said to you, ‘You shall shepherd my people Israel and be leader over my people Israel.’”
3All the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron. David made a covenant with them there in the presence of the Lord. They anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the Lord from Samuel.
David Captures Jerusalem
4David and all Israel went to Jerusalem (that is, Jebus). The Jebusites were living in that part of the land. 5Those living in Jebus said to David, “You will not get in here.” Nevertheless, David captured the stronghold of Zion, which became the City of David. 6David had said, “Whoever attacks the Jebusites first will become the head and commander.” Joab son of Zeruiah went up first and became the head. 7David lived in the stronghold. That is why it is called the City of David. 8He built up the city all around the stronghold, from the Millo[] to the surrounding walls. Joab repaired the rest of the city.
9David became greater and greater because the Lord of Armies was with him.
David's Elite Warriors
10These are the leaders of David's elite warriors, who built up support for his kingdom throughout all Israel, in order to make him king, according to the word of the Lord concerning Israel.
11This is the record of David's elite warriors.
The Three
Jashobeam son of Hakmoni,[] head of the Thirty,[] wielded his spear against three hundred, who were killed at one time.
12After him came Eleazar son of Dodo, the Ahohite. He was in the group of three elite warriors. 13He was with David at Pas Dammim, where there was a plot of land full of barley, when the Philistines were gathered there for battle. The people had been fleeing from the Philistines, 14but they took their stand in the middle of that plot of land. They defended it and killed the Philistines. The Lord rescued them with a great victory.[]
15Three of the thirty leaders went down to David at the rock by the Cave of Adullam. The army of the Philistines was camping in the Valley of Rephaim. 16While David was in the stronghold, the garrison of Philistines was in Bethlehem. 17David expressed this desire: “Who will give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem inside the gate?” 18The Three broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water from the well[] of Bethlehem inside the gate. They took it and brought it to David. However, David was not willing to drink it. Instead, he poured it out to the Lord. 19He said, “I should be cursed by God if I did that. Shall I drink the blood of these men? They risked their lives to bring it to me.” He was not willing to drink it. The three elite warriors carried out these actions.
Other Heroes
20Abishai, the brother of Joab, was the leader of the Three. He wielded his spear against three hundred and killed them. His reputation equaled that of the Three.[] 21He was considered twice as great as the Group of Three. He became their commander. But he did not belong to the Group of Three.
22Benaiah son of Jehoiada, a courageous man from Kabze'el, did great things. He struck down two Lions of God[] from Moab. He also went down and killed a lion in a cistern[] on a snowy day. 23He also killed an Egyptian who was seven and a half feet tall. The Egyptian was holding a spear like a weaver's beam. Benaiah went down to him with a staff, snatched the spear from the hand of the Egyptian, and killed him with his own spear. 24Benaiah son of Jehoiada accomplished these feats. His reputation equaled that of the Three. 25Among the Thirty he was considered great, but he did not belong to the Three. David placed him over his bodyguards.
26These were the elite warriors of the armies:[]
Asahel, the brother of Joab,
Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem,
27Shammoth the Harorite,
Helez the Pelonite,
28Ira son of Ikkesh the Tekoan,
Abiezer from Anathoth,
29Sibbekai[] the Hushathite,
Ilai the Ahohite,
30Mahrai the Netophahite,
Heled son of Ba'anah the Netophahite,
31Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah of Benjamin,
Benaiah the Pirathonite,
32Hurai[] from the ravines of Ga'ash,
Abiel the Arbathite,
33Azmaveth the Baharumite,
Eliahba the Sha'albonite,
34the sons of Hashem the Gizonite,[]
Jonathan son of Shageh the Hararite,
35Ahiam son of Sakar the Hararite,
Eliphal son of Ur,[]
36Hepher the Mekerathite,
Ahijah the Pelonite,
37Hezro the Carmelite,
Na'arai son of Ezbai,
38Joel, the brother of Nathan, []
Mibhar son of Hagri,
39Zelek the Ammonite,
Naharai the Berothite, the armor bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,
40Ira the Ithrite,
Gareb the Ithrite,
41Uriah the Hittite,
Zabad son of Ahlai,
42Adina son of Shiza the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites,
who had thirty men with him,
43Hanan son of Ma'akah
and Joshaphat the Mithnite,
44Uzzia the Ashterathite,
Shama and Jeiel, the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,
45Jediael son of Shimri,
and his brother Joha the Tizite,
46Eliel the Mahavite
and Jeribai and Joshaviah, the sons of Elna'am,
and Ithmah the Moabite,
47Eliel and Obed and Ja'asiel the Mezobaite.


  • 11:1 Literally your bone and flesh
  • 11:8 The Millo was very likely the sloped retaining wall on which the citadel was built.
  • 11:10 There are many textual and spelling variants between the lists in Samuel and Chronicles. The footnotes do not point out all of them, but the footnotes do provide a sample which illustrates the relationship of the two lists.
  • 11:11 Or the Hakmonite
  • 11:11 Or, following the marginal reading, the officers. Some Greek manuscripts read the Three.
  • 11:14 At this point, the account in 2 Samuel includes the story of a third hero, Shamma.
  • 11:18 Or cistern
  • 11:20 Or he had a reputation among the Three
  • 11:22 The Hebrew word ariel seems to be made up of two words, lion and God. It apparently is the title of some type of elite warriors, like Navy Seals.
  • 11:22 Or pit
  • 11:26 There are many variants and spelling differences between this list and the parallel list in 2 Samuel 23. The translation does not take note of all of them. See the more detailed notes in 2 Samuel 23. The list of names in Chronicles is longer than the list in 2 Samuel.
  • 11:29 In 2 Samuel 23:27 this individual's name is Mebunnai.
  • 11:32 In 2 Samuel 23:30 the variant is Hiddai.
  • 11:34 In 2 Samuel 23:32 this individual's name is Jashen.
  • 11:35 In 2 Samuel 23:34 the variant is Eliphelet son of Ahasbai, the son of the Ma'akathite.
  • 11:38 In 2 Samuel 23:36 the variant is Igal son of Nathan from Zobah.