Old Testament

Ezekiel 43
The Return of the Glory of the Lord
431Then he led me to the gate, the gate that faces east. 2Suddenly I saw that the Glory of the God of Israel was coming from the east. His voice sounded like the roar of rushing water, and the earth was shining with his glory. 3The appearance of the vision that I saw was like the vision I saw when he[] came to destroy the city—visions like the vision I saw by the Kebar Canal, and I fell on my face. 4The Glory of the Lord entered the temple through the gate facing east. 5Then the Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the inner court, and the Glory of the Lord filled the temple.
6I heard someone speaking to me from the temple while the man was standing beside me. 7The voice said to me:
Son of man, this is the place of my throne, and this is the place for the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the people of Israel forever. Never again will the house of Israel profane my holy name, neither they nor their kings, neither by their prostitution nor by the memorials[] to their dead kings at their high places. 8Whenever they placed their threshold next to my threshold and their doorpost beside my doorpost with only a wall between me and them, they would defile my holy name by their abominations that they did, so I exterminated them in my anger. 9Now let them remove their prostitution and the memorials of their dead kings from my presence, and I will dwell among them forever.
10But you, son of man, are to describe the temple to the house of Israel, so that they may be ashamed of their sins. Let them measure its perfect pattern. 11If they are ashamed of everything they have done, teach them the design of the temple and its layout, its exits and its entrances, all its designs and all its ordinances, all its designs and all its regulations. Write them down in their sight so that they may keep its whole plan and all its ordinances and carry them out. 12This is the law for the temple. On the top of the mountain, the whole territory of the temple and all the area surrounding its perimeter will be most holy. This is indeed the law for the temple.
The Great Altar in the Courtyard
13These are the measurements of the altar in long cubits (a long cubit is an ordinary cubit plus a handbreadth). The gutter[] at the base of the altar is one cubit deep and one cubit wide with a rim of one span[] around its edge. The height of the altar is as follows: 14From the gutter on the ground to the lower ledge is two cubits, and the width of the ledge is one cubit. From the lower ledge to the upper ledge is four cubits. The upper ledge has a width of one cubit. 15The hearth is four cubits high, and four horns extend upward from the hearth.[] 16The hearth is twelve cubits by twelve cubits, a square with four equal sides. 17The upper ledge is fourteen cubits by fourteen cubits, with four equal sides. The ridge[] around it is half a cubit, and it has a gutter of one cubit all around.[] Its ramp[] faces east.
18Then he said to me, “Son of man, this is what the Lord God says. These are the ceremonial requirements for the altar on the day when it is erected, to present burnt offerings on it and to splash blood on it. 19You are to provide a young bull for a sin offering. Provide it to the levitical priests who are from the descendants of Zadok, who draw near to me to serve me, declares the Lord God. 20You are to take some of its blood and put it on the altar's four horns, on the four corners of the ledge, and on the ridge all around, and so you are to purify[] it and make atonement for it. 21Then you are to take the bull that is the sin offering, and the priest is to burn it at the appointed place in the temple area, outside the sanctuary.
22“On the second day you are to offer a male goat without blemish as a sin offering, and the altar is to be purified as it was purified with the bull. 23When you have finished purifying it, you are to offer a young bull without blemish and a ram without blemish. 24You are to present them before the Lord, and the priests are to throw salt on them and offer them up as a burnt offering to the Lord. 25For seven days you are to offer a goat for a sin offering each day, as well as a young bull and a ram from the flock. They must all be without blemish. 26For seven days they are to make atonement for the altar, cleanse it, and, in this way, consecrate it. 27When they have fulfilled those days, on the eighth day and thereafter, the priests are to offer on the altar your whole burnt offerings and your fellowship offerings, and I will accept you, declares the Lord God.”


  • 43:3 The translation follows a variant found in some Hebrew manuscripts and ancient versions. Most Hebrew manuscripts read I. The reading I is possible if it refers to the fact that Ezekiel foretold the destruction.
  • 43:7 The word most often means corpses or lifeless idols. There is no evidence for kings being buried at high places, so the reference is probably to lifeless idols or to ceremonies for the spirits of the dead kings.
  • 43:13 Or trench
  • 43:13 A span is nine inches, the width of a spread-out hand from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the little finger.
  • 43:15 The altar is about 18 feet tall (2+4+4 cubits). Its width is about 25 feet.
  • 43:17 Or rim
  • 43:17 Without the gutter or the horns, the altar is 10 cubits high (2+4+4). Its width at the base without the gutter is 16 cubits (1+1+12+1+1).
  • 43:17 The Hebrew word may also mean steps, but Exodus 20:26 seems to forbid steps up to the altar.
  • 43:20 The Hebrew is de-sin.