Old Testament

Hosea 10
101Israel was a spreading[] vine.
He produced fruit for himself.
The more fruit he produced, the more altars he made.
The richer the land, the richer he made his sacred memorial stones.
2Their hearts are insincere,[]
so now they will suffer for their guilt.
The Lord will break down their altars
and destroy their sacred memorial stones.
Kings Cannot Save You
3Certainly now they will say, “We have no king,
because we did not fear the Lord,
but what could such a king do for us anyway?”
4They speak empty words.
With empty oaths, they make agreements.
That is why disputes sprout like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field.
5The inhabitants of Samaria will be terrified because of the calf[] of Beth Aven.
Yes, its people will mourn over it,
and its idolatrous priests will cry out over it,
over its lost glory, because it has gone into exile.
6It will be carried to Assyria as tribute to the Great King.[]
Ephraim will be gripped with shame,
and Israel will be ashamed of its own idol.[]
7Samaria, like her king, will be carried off
like a twig on the surface of the water.
8The high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, will become unusable.
Thorns and thistles will grow on their altars.
They will say to the mountains, “Cover us!”
and to the hills, “Fall on us!”
Learn the Lesson of Gibeah
9Israel, you have sinned ever since the days of Gibeah,
where the evildoers took their stand.
The war against the evildoers caught up with them at Gibeah, did it not?
10When I see fit, I will discipline them.[]
Peoples will be gathered against them
to bind them for their double guilt.[]
11Ephraim is a trained heifer that loves to thresh.
I will put a yoke on her beautiful neck.[]
I will harness Ephraim.
Judah will plow.
Jacob will break up the ground.
12Sow righteousness for yourselves,
and reap mercy.
Break up your fallow ground.
It is time to seek the Lord,
until he comes and rains righteousness on you.
13You have plowed wickedness.
You have reaped injustice.
You have eaten the fruit of your lies,
because you trusted in your own way,
in the large number of your strong warriors.
14Therefore the roar of battle will rise against your people,
and all your fortresses will be destroyed,
as Shalman[] devastated Beth Arbel on the day of battle.
Mothers were dashed to the ground with their children.
15This is what will be done to you, Bethel,
because of your great wickedness.
At dawn the king of Israel will be completely destroyed.


  • 10:1 The Hebrew word may have a negative connotation like invasive.
  • 10:2 Or divided
  • 10:5 Variant calves
  • 10:6 The text of the last word of the line is uncertain.
  • 10:6 Or plan. The meaning of the last word is uncertain.
  • 10:10 The text of the line is uncertain.
  • 10:10 Or two crimes. The text of the line is uncertain.
  • 10:11 The text of the line is uncertain.
  • 10:14 The king of Assyria