Old Testament

1 Chronicles 2
The Descendants of Israel
21These are the sons of Israel: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, 2Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
The Descendants of Judah
3The sons of Judah were Er, Onan, and Shelah. Those three were born to him by Shua's daughter,[] a Canaanite woman. Er, who was Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the Lord, so he killed him. 4Tamar, Judah's daughter-in-law, gave birth to Perez and Zerah for him. Judah had a total of five sons.
The Clans of Judah
5The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.
6The sons of Zerah were Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Kalkol, and Dara,[] five of them in all.
7The son of Carmi was Achar,[] the troubler of Israel, who was unfaithful when he stole things that had been devoted to destruction.
8The son of Ethan was Azariah.
Clans Descended From Hezron, Son of Perez
9The sons of Hezron, who were born to him, were Jerahme'el, Ram, and Celubai.[]
The Clan of Ram, Ancestor of David
10Ram[] became the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab became the father of Nahshon, the tribal leader of the people of Judah. 11Nahshon became the father of Salma,[] and Salma became the father of Boaz. 12Boaz became the father of Obed, and Obed became the father of Jesse.[]
13Jesse became the father of his firstborn Eliab, Abinadab his second, Shimea his third, 14Nethanel his fourth, Raddai his fifth, 15Ozem his sixth, and David his seventh. 16Their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. The three sons of Zeruiah were Abishai, Joab, and Asahel. 17Abigail gave birth to Amasa, and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmaelite.[]
The Clan of Caleb, Son of Hezron
18Caleb the son of Hezron became the father of children by Azubah his wife, also known as Jerioth.[] These were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. 19Azubah died, and Caleb married Ephrath,[] who gave birth to Hur for him. 20Hur became the father of Uri, and Uri became the father of Bezalel.
Other Descendants of Hezron
21Afterward, Hezron went to the daughter of Makir, the father of Gilead, whom he took when he was sixty years old, and she gave birth to Segub for him. 22Segub became the father of Jair, who had twenty-three cities[] in the land of Gilead. 23Geshur and Aram took the towns of Jair from them, along with Kenath and its villages,[] sixty cities in all. All these were the sons of Makir, the father of Gilead.
24After Hezron died in Caleb Ephrathah, Abijah, Hezron's wife, gave birth to Ashhur, the father of Tekoa.[]
The Clan of Judah Descended From Jerahme'el
25The sons of Jerahme'el, the firstborn son of Hezron, were Ram his firstborn, Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah. 26Jerahme'el had another wife, whose name was Atarah. She was the mother of Onam.
27The sons of Ram, the firstborn of Jerahme'el, were Ma'az, Jamin, and Eker.
28The sons of Onam were Shammai and Jada.
The sons of Shammai were Nadab and Abishur.
29The name of Abishur's wife was Abihail, and she gave birth to Ahban and Molid.
30The sons of Nadab were Seled and Appaim, but Seled died without children.
31The son of Appaim was Ishi.
The son of Ishi was Sheshan.
The son of Sheshan was Ahlai.[]
32The sons of Jada, the brother of Shammai, were Jether and Jonathan.
Jether died without children.
33The sons of Jonathan were Peleth and Zaza.
These were the descendants of Jerahme'el.
A Side Line of Judah
34Now Sheshan had no sons, but only daughters.[] Sheshan had an Egyptian servant, whose name was Jarha. 35Sheshan gave his daughter to his servant Jarha as a wife, and she gave birth to Attai for him. 36Attai became the father of Nathan, and Nathan became the father of Zabad, 37and Zabad became the father of Ephlal, and Ephlal became the father of Obed, 38and Obed became the father of Jehu, and Jehu became the father of Azariah, 39and Azariah became the father of Helez, and Helez became the father of Eleasah, 40and Eleasah became the father of Sismai, and Sismai became the father of Shallum, 41and Shallum became the father of Jekamiah, and Jekamiah became the father of Elishama.
Other Clans From Caleb
42The sons of Caleb, the brother of Jerahme'el, were his firstborn son Mesha, who was the father of Ziph, and his son Mareshah,[] the father of Hebron.
43The sons of Hebron were Korah, Tappuah, Rekem, and Shema.
44Shema became the father of Raham, the father of Jorkeam.
Rekem became the father of Shammai.
45The son of Shammai was Maon,
and Maon was the father of Beth Zur.
46Ephah, Caleb's concubine, gave birth to Haran, Moza, and Gazez.
Haran became the father of Gazez.
47The sons of Jahdai were Regem, Jothan, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Sha'aph.
48Ma'akah, Caleb's concubine, gave birth to Sheber and Tirhanah. 49She also gave birth to Sha'aph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Makbenah and the father of Gibea. Caleb's daughter was Aksah.[]
The Towns of Caleb's Clans
50These were the descendants of Caleb, who were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah:
Shobal the father of Kiriath Jearim,
51Salma the father of Bethlehem,
and Hareph the father of Beth Gader.
52Shobal, the father of Kiriath Jearim, had sons: Haroeh, half of the Menuhoth.[] 53The families of Kiriath Jearim were the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites. From them came the Zorathites and the Eshtaolites.
54The sons of Salma were Bethlehem, the Netophathites, Atroth Beth Joab, half of the Manahathites, and the Zorathites.[]
55The families of scribes who lived at Jabez were the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and the Sukathites. These are the Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of the house of Rekab.


  • 2:3 Or Bathshua
  • 2:6 Variant Darda
  • 2:7 Achar, which means troubler, is a derogatory name for Achan, who stole from the goods of Jericho that had been devoted to destruction (Joshua 7). A few Hebrew manuscripts read Achan.
  • 2:9 This Celubai seems to be the same person as Caleb in verse 18. The Greek text adds the name Aram at the end of the verse.
  • 2:10 Variant Aram. See Ruth 4:19, which includes both readings, and the Greek of Matthew 1:3-4, which reads Aram The identity of Ram and Aram in these texts is uncertain. It is uncertain whether these are two names for one person or two different people.
  • 2:11 Variant Salmon
  • 2:12 There appear to be gaps in this genealogy. See the parallel list in Ruth 4.
  • 2:17 Variant the Israelite here and in 2 Samuel 17:25
  • 2:18 The Hebrew text reads and Jerioth. Since only one woman is mentioned in the next sentence, the word and here seems to be explanatory, producing the meaning also called Jerioth. The text is difficult, and translations vary greatly. By alternate arrangements of the text, Jerioth is understood as the name of the first son or of a second wife.
  • 2:19 The genealogies of Caleb son of Hezron (not to be confused with Joshua's companion Caleb) are very confusing, probably because his life was a tangle of wives and concubines. See verses 21–24, 42–47.
  • 2:22 The Hebrew word 'ir, usually translated cities, includes settlements smaller than what would typically be called cities today.
  • 2:23 Literally its daughters
  • 2:24 This difficult text has also been translated: After Hezron's death, Caleb had sexual relations with Ephrath, his father Hezron's wife (v 19), and she bore to him Ashhur the father of Tekoa, but this translation requires some emendation of the text.
  • 2:31 However, see verse 34.
  • 2:34 It has been suggested that verse 34 is an explanatory footnote to verse 31, and that the “son,” Ahlai, who is named in verse 31, is in fact a daughter through whom the family line was carried on.
  • 2:42 Alternate reading of the Hebrew. The main Hebrew text reads and the sons of Mareshah. Ziph and Hebron are the names of cities.
  • 2:49 Apparently this is not the same person as the Aksah who was the daughter of the later Caleb, the companion of Joshua.
  • 2:52 Menuhoth is a literal translation. The ending -oth is usually a feminine plural. This may refer to the same group that is called Manahathites in verse 54.
  • 2:54 Here a man's “sons” are cities and towns inhabited by his descendants.