Old Testament

Ezekiel 42
Rooms North of the Temple
421Then he led me out into the outer courtyard which was north of the temple building, and he brought me to a set of rooms which bordered on the south side of the restricted area and was north of the structure of the temple building.[] 2This building north of the temple, which had doors facing north, was one hundred cubits long and fifty cubits wide.[]
3On each side of the north courtyard, across from the twenty cubits that belonged to the inner courtyard on the south side and across from the pavement that belonged to the outer courtyard on the north side, two sets of balconies faced each other.[] Each was three stories high.[] 4In front of the rooms on the inside of the courtyard was a walkway ten cubits wide and one hundred cubits[] long. Their entrances faced north.
5The upper rooms were narrower, because the balconies took more space away from them than from the building's bottom and middle floors. 6These rooms were arranged in three stories and had no pillars like the pillars in the courtyards, so as you went up from ground level, the upper story had to be set back more than the lower and middle ones.[]
7There was a wall in the outer courtyard, which ran parallel to the rooms on the east side. It was fifty cubits long. 8The length of the set of rooms on the east side of the building facing toward the outer courtyard was fifty cubits, but the length of those on the north side was one hundred cubits long. 9On the bottom floor of these rooms on the east end of the building, there was an entrance, through which one could enter them from the outer courtyard.[]
The Same Rooms on the South Side
10At the head of the wall of the courtyard,[] on the south[] side of the temple, opposite the restricted area and opposite the building, there were rooms. 11They also had a passageway in front of them. They looked just like the rooms on the north. They were the same length and also the same width, and they were the same in regard to all their exits, their designs, and their entrances. 12Also identical were the entrances to the rooms on the south, at the head of the passageway, that is, the passageway opposite the corresponding wall, as one enters them from the east.
13Then he said to me, “The northern and southern rooms in front of the restricted area are holy rooms where the priests who approach the Lord will eat the most holy offerings. There they will deposit the most holy offerings, the grain offering, the sin offering, and the restitution offering, for the place is holy. 14When the priests go to enter these rooms, they must not go out from the holy place into the outer courtyard until they have put away their vestments in which they have ministered there, because the vestments are holy. They must put on other clothing before they approach the area that is for the people.”
15In this way the man finished the measurements of the interior of the temple complex. Then he led me out through the gate on the east side of the temple complex and measured the temple area all the way around. 16He measured the east side using the measuring rod. It measured five hundred cubits,[] using “canes,” that is, the measuring rod. 17Then he turned and measured the north side. It was five hundred cubits using canes, that is, the measuring rod. 18Then he turned and measured the south side. It was five hundred cubits, using canes, that is, the measuring rod. 19He turned to the west side and measured again. It also was five hundred cubits, using canes, that is, the measuring rod. 20Thus he measured the temple area on all four sides. It had a wall all the way around it. It was five hundred cubits long and five hundred cubits wide, in order to separate the holy from the common.


  • 42:1 The interpretation of verses 1 and 2 is very difficult. Some translate he brought me to a set of rooms on the other side of the restricted area, across from the temple along the north wall of the temple compound.
  • 42:2 About 175 feet by 90 feet
  • 42:3 Verse 3 is very difficult.
  • 42:3 Or on the third floor
  • 42:4 One hundred cubits is the reading of the Greek and Syriac. The Hebrew reads one cubit.
  • 42:6 The meaning of this verse is uncertain.
  • 42:9 The meaning of this verse is uncertain.
  • 42:10 The translation follows the Greek. The Hebrew reads in the thickness of the wall.
  • 42:10 The translation follows the Greek. The Hebrew reads on the east.
  • 42:16 About 875 feet. The reading five hundred is from the margin of the Hebrew text. The in-text reading is five. There is also a textual question whether the dimensions of the area are 500 cubits or 500 rods.