Old Testament

Numbers 22
Balak Hires Balaam
221The Israelites set out and camped on the Plains of Moab along the Jordan across from Jericho. 2Balak son of Zippor saw everything that Israel had done to the Amorites. 3So Moab was afraid of the people, because they were so numerous. Moab was terrified because of the Israelites. 4Moab said to the elders of Midian, “Now this assembly will eat up everything around us, just as cattle eat up the grass in the field.”
Balak son of Zippor was king of Moab at that time. 5He sent messengers to summon Balaam, the son of Beor, from Pethor by the Euphrates River, in the land of his own people.[]
He said, “Look, a people came out of Egypt. They cover the surface of the land, and they are settling right across from me. 6Please come now. Curse this people for me, for they are more powerful than I am. Perhaps I will succeed and strike them down, driving them out of the land, for I know that whomever you bless is blessed, and whomever you curse is cursed.”
7The elders of Moab and the elders of Midian went with payments for Balaam's occult practices[] in their hand. They came to Balaam and told him what Balak said.
8Balaam said to them, “Spend the night here, and I will report to you what the Lord says to me.” So the Moabite officials stayed with Balaam.
9God came to Balaam and said, “Who are these men with you?”
10Balaam said to God, “Balak son of Zippor, king of Moab, sent messengers to me, who said, 11‘Look, the people that has come out of Egypt covers the surface of the land. Now, come, curse them for me. Perhaps I will be able to fight against them and drive them out.’”
12God said to Balaam, “You are not to go with them. You are not to curse the people, for they are blessed.”
13Balaam got up in the morning and said to Balak's officials, “Go back to your land, because the Lord has refused to let me go with you.”
14The officials of Moab got up and went back to Balak. They said, “Balaam refuses to come with us.”
15So Balak again sent other officials, more numerous and more prestigious than the others. 16They went to Balaam and said to him, “This is what Balak son of Zippor says, ‘Do not let anything prevent you from coming to me, 17for I will reward you very richly. Also I will do whatever you tell me. Just come and curse this people for me.’”
18Balaam responded to Balak's servants, “Even if Balak would give to me his house full of silver and gold, I would not be able to go against the command of the Lord my God to do anything small or great. 19But please, stay and spend the night here, and I will find out what else the Lord might say to me.”
20God came to Balaam at night and said to him, “If the men have come to summon you, get up and go with them. However, do only what I tell you.” 21Balaam got up in the morning, saddled his donkey, and went with the officials of Moab.
Balaam's Donkey
22But God's anger burned because Balaam was going with them. So the Angel of the Lord[] stood in the road to oppose him. Balaam was riding on his donkey, and his two servants were with him. 23The donkey saw the Angel of the Lord standing in the road, with his drawn sword in his hand. So the donkey turned off the road and went into the field. Balaam struck the donkey to make it turn back to the road. 24Then the Angel of the Lord stood in a narrow path between the vineyards with walls on both sides. 25The donkey saw the Angel of the Lord and pressed against the wall and squeezed Balaam's foot against the wall. Balaam struck the donkey again. 26Then the Angel of the Lord went ahead and stood in a narrow place where there was no room to turn to the right or to the left. 27The donkey saw the Angel of the Lord and lay down under Balaam. Balaam's anger burned, and he struck the donkey with his staff.
28The Lord opened the mouth of the donkey, which said to Balaam, “What have I done to you that you have struck me these three times?”
29Balaam said to the donkey, “Because you have made a fool of me! If only there was a sword in my hand, I would kill you now!”
30The donkey said to Balaam, “Am I not your donkey, the one you have always ridden to this day? Is this what I usually do to you?”
He said, “No.”
31Then the Lord opened Balaam's eyes, and he saw the Angel of the Lord standing in the road, with his drawn sword in his hand. Balaam knelt and bowed with his face to the ground. 32The Angel of the Lord said to him, “Why have you struck your donkey these three times? Look, I myself have come out to oppose you, because your way is reckless[] before me. 33The donkey saw me and turned away from me these three times. If it had not turned away from me, I would have surely killed you by now and let the donkey live.”
34Balaam said to the Angel of the Lord, “I have sinned, for I didn't know that you stood in the road to confront me. Now if this is displeasing to you, I will go back.”
35The Angel of the Lord said to Balaam, “Go with the men, but you will speak only the words that I speak to you.” So Balaam went with Balak's officials.
Balak Meets Balaam
36When Balak heard that Balaam had come, he went out to meet him at the Moabite town on the Arnon border at the edge of his territory. 37Balak said to Balaam, “Didn't I send for you urgently when I summoned you? Why didn't you come to me? Don't you know that I can really reward you?”
38Balaam said to Balak, “Look, I have come to you now. But am I really able to say anything? I will speak only the words that God puts in my mouth.”
39Balaam went with Balak, and they came to Kiriath Huzoth. 40Balak sacrificed cattle and sheep and sent for Balaam and the officials who were with him. 41In the morning, Balak took Balaam and brought him up to Bamoth Baal. From there, he saw the outskirts of the people.


  • 22:5 Or in the land of Amaw
  • 22:7 This is often translated divination, but divination refers primarily to obtaining occult knowledge. Balak was seeking the exercise of occult power.
  • 22:22 Or angel of the Lord
  • 22:32 Literally the way is precipitous