Old Testament

Micah 5
The Ruler From the Little Town of Bethlehem
51Now, gather the troops, you daughter[] of troops.
A siege is laid against us.
With a rod they will strike the judge of Israel on the cheek.[]
2But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,
though you are small among the clans of Judah,
from you, will go out the one who will be the ruler for me in Israel.
His goings forth[] are from the beginning, from the days of eternity.[]
3Therefore the Lord[] will give them up,
until the time when the woman who is in labor bears a child.[]
Then the remaining survivors from his brothers will return to the people of Israel.
4He will stand and shepherd with the strength of the Lord,
in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God.
They will dwell securely, for at that time he will be great to the ends of the earth.
5This one will be their peace.
When Assyria invades our land
and tramples on our citadels,
we will raise against him seven shepherds
and eight leaders of men.
6They will shepherd the land of Assyria with the sword
and the land of Nimrod with a drawn blade.[]
He will save us from Assyria
when it invades our land
and tramples on our territory.
The Remnant Among the Nations
7There will be a surviving remnant of Jacob in the midst of many peoples,
like dew from the Lord,
like spring showers on the grass,
which do not wait around for a man,
and do not delay for human beings.[]
8The remnant of Jacob will be among the nations,
in the midst of many peoples,
like a lion among animals of the forest,
like a young lion among flocks of sheep.
As he passes through, he crushes and tears them.
There is no one who can save them from him.
9Your hand will be high above your enemies.
All your enemies will be cut off.
God's Judgment on His People
10This is what will happen on that day, declares the Lord.
I will cut off your horses from your midst
and destroy your chariots.
11I will cut off the cities of your land,
and I will destroy all your fortified cities.
12I will cut off every form of witchcraft from your hands,
and you will have no one to read omens anymore.
13I will cut off your carved images
and your sacred memorial stones from your midst,
and you will not worship the work of your hands anymore.
14I will uproot your Asherah poles from your midst,
and I will destroy your cities.
15In anger and wrath I will inflict vengeance
on the nations that have not listened to me.


  • 5:1 The term daughter refers to the city.
  • 5:1 English verse 5:1 is verse 4:14 in Hebrew. In chapter 5, the English verse numbers are one higher than the Hebrew.
  • 5:2 The term goings forth, which is plural in Hebrew, has been understood in three ways: 1) as a reference to the eternal generation (begetting) of the Son, who goes out from the Father; 2) as a reference to the human origins of the Messiah, who descends from the patriarchs; 3) as a reference to the appearances of Christ as the Angel of the Lord, throughout the Old Testament.
  • 5:2 Or from days of old
  • 5:3 The Hebrew reads he, without specifying the antecedent.
  • 5:3 This is the same woman and child who appear in Isaiah 7:14.
  • 5:6 Or at its entrances
  • 5:7 The meaning of the last two lines is uncertain. They seem to mean that just as dew and rain come at God's time without human initiative, so the return of God's people will not depend on a human timetable.