Old Testament

1 Chronicles 20
201When springtime arrived, the time when kings go out to war, Joab led out the army, ravaged the land of the Ammonites, and besieged Rabbah. David remained in Jerusalem. Joab attacked Rabbah and pulled it down.
2David took the gold crown of their king[] from his head. It weighed seventy-five pounds[] and had a precious stone in it. It was placed on[] David's head. He brought out large amounts of plunder from the city. 3He brought out the people who were in the city. He put them to work with saws, iron picks, and axes.[] David did the same to all the cities of the Ammonites. Then David and all the troops returned to Jerusalem.
Wars With the Philistines
4After this, war arose at Gezer[] with the Philistines. Then Sibbecai the Hushathite killed Sippai,[] one of the descendants of Rapha the giant,[] and the Philistines were subdued.
5There was another battle with the Philistines. Elhanan, the son of Jair, killed Lahmi, the brother of Goliath the Gittite. The shaft of his spear was like a weaver's beam.
6There was another battle, this time at Gath. There was a very tall man who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot, twenty-four digits in all. He also was descended from Rapha the giant. 7He taunted Israel, but Jonathan, the son of Shimeah, David's brother, killed him. 8These were descended from Rapha the giant in Gath. They fell by the hand of David and the men who served him.


  • 20:2 Or their god Milcom
  • 20:2 Or a talent
  • 20:2 Or over. The weight of the crown seems too heavy for a person to wear, at least for any length of time.
  • 20:3 The reading of the main Hebrew text is he sawed with a saw, with iron picks and with saws. This could mean that he cut up the city or the people. This verse is translated in harmony with the parallel text in 2 Samuel 12:31.
  • 20:4 In 2 Samuel 21:18 this battle is located at Gob.
  • 20:4 Also called Saph in 2 Samuel 21:18
  • 20:4 Literally the Rephaim. Rapha was the ancestor of a group of very tall men who lived among the Philistines. They are called the Rephaim, and the valley where some of these battles were fought was named after them.