Old Testament

Esther 8
81That day King Xerxes gave Queen Esther the house of Haman, the enemy of the Jews. Mordecai came and appeared before the king, because Esther had told him what Mordecai's relationship to her was.
2The king took off his signet ring that he had taken from Haman and gave it to Mordecai. Esther put Mordecai in charge of the house of Haman.
3In addition, Esther spoke to the king. She fell at his feet, wept, and requested that he put an end to the evil plan that Haman the Agagite had devised against the Jews.
4The king held out the golden scepter to Esther, so Esther rose and stood in the presence of the king.
5She said, “If it is acceptable to the king, if I have found favor before him, if this idea seems right to the king, and if I am acceptable to him, a decree should be written to nullify the letters for the plot of Haman, son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews in all of the provinces of the king. 6For how can I watch the disaster that is about to come on my people! How can I watch the destruction of my relatives!”
7King Xerxes said to Queen Esther and to Mordecai the Jew, “Look. I have given Haman's house to Esther. They have hanged him on the gallows because he raised his hand against the Jews. 8You can write concerning the Jews whatever seems good to you and seal it with the king's signet ring, because a document written in the name of the king and sealed with the king's signet ring cannot be changed.”
9The king's scribes were summoned at once, on the twenty-third day of Sivan, the third month. Whatever Mordecai commanded concerning the Jews was written to the satraps, governors, and the officials of the provinces from India to Cush, one hundred twenty-seven provinces in all. They wrote to each province in its own writing system and to each people in its own language (including to the Jews in their writing system and in their language). 10He wrote in the name of King Xerxes and sealed it with the king's signet ring. He sent letters by messengers mounted on the king's fastest thoroughbreds.[]
The Content and Effect of the Royal Letters
11The king gave the Jews in every city the right to gather together to defend their own lives and to destroy, kill, and annihilate any military force of any people or province that might attack them, along with their children and their wives, and to plunder their goods.
12In all the provinces of King Xerxes, 13a copy of a writing, which was issued as a law for every province, proclaimed to all the peoples that on one day (the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, Adar), the Jews would be ready to avenge themselves on their enemies.
14The couriers riding their swift horses went out quickly, spurred on by the word of the king. The decree originated in Susa, the citadel.
15Mordecai went out from the king's presence, dressed in blue and white royal clothing, with a large gold crown and a purple linen cape. The city of Susa shouted and rejoiced. 16It was a time of light, gladness, joy, and honor for the Jews.
17In every province and in every city which the message of the king reached, his edict brought gladness and joy to the Jews. There was a feast and a holiday. Many of the peoples of the land declared themselves to be Jews because the fear of the Jews had fallen upon them.


  • 8:10 The precise meaning of this term is uncertain.