Old Testament

1 Timothy 3
Qualifications of Overseers
31This saying is trustworthy: If anyone aspires to become an overseer, he desires a noble task. 2It is necessary, then, for the overseer to be above reproach, the husband of only one wife, temperate, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, 3not a drunkard, not a violent man but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money. 4It is necessary that he manage his own household well, with all dignity making sure that his children obey him. 5(If a man does not know how to manage his own household, how will he take care of God's church?) 6He must not be a recent convert, or he might become conceited and fall into the same condemnation as the Devil. 7In addition, he must have a good reputation with those outside the church, so that he may not fall into disgrace and the Devil's trap.
Qualifications of Deacons
8In the same way, it is necessary that deacons be dignified, not deceitful,[] not devoted to much wine, not greedy for dishonest gain— 9men who hold on to the mystery of the faith with a clean conscience. 10Let them also be tested first. Then let them serve as deacons, if they are found to be blameless. 11In the same way women[] must be worthy of respect, not slanderers, temperate, faithful in everything. 12Let each deacon be the husband of only one wife, managing his children and his own household well. 13Certainly, those who serve well as deacons gain for themselves good standing and great boldness in the faith they have in Christ Jesus.
Summary and Doxology
14I am writing these things to you even though I hope to come to you shortly. 15But if I am delayed, I wanted you to know how it is necessary to behave in God's household, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of the truth. 16Undeniably, great is the mystery of godliness:
He[] was revealed in flesh,
was justified in spirit,[]
was seen by messengers,[]
was preached among the nations,
was believed on in the world,
was taken up in glory.


  • 3:8 Or double-tongued
  • 3:11 The women here may be deaconesses, female helpers of deacons, or wives of deacons.
  • 3:16 Some witnesses to the text read God.
  • 3:16 Flesh and spirit here refer to Christ's states of humiliation and exaltation.
  • 3:16 Or angels