Old Testament

Genesis 29
Jacob and Laban
291Then Jacob continued on his journey and came to the land of the people of the east.[]
2He looked around and noticed a well in the field, and he saw three flocks of sheep lying there beside it. (That well was used to water the flocks. There was a large stone over the mouth of the well. 3All the flocks would gather there. Then the shepherds would roll the stone away from the mouth of the well and water the sheep. Then they would put the stone back in its place over the mouth of the well.)
4Jacob said to the men waiting there, “My brothers, where are you from?”
They said, “We are from Haran.”
5He said to them, “Do you know Laban, the grandson of Nahor?”
They said, “We know him.”
6He said to them, “Is he doing well?”
They said, “He is. Look, there is his daughter Rachel, coming with the sheep.”
7He said, “Look, it is still the middle of the day. It is not time to gather the livestock together. Water the sheep and go pasture them.”
8They said, “We cannot, until all the flocks are gathered together, and they roll the stone from the mouth of the well. Then we water the sheep.”
9While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father's sheep because she took care of them. 10When Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of Laban, his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban, his mother's brother, Jacob went up, rolled the stone away from the mouth of the well, and watered the flock of Laban, his mother's brother. 11Jacob kissed Rachel and wept loudly. 12Jacob told Rachel that he was her father's relative and that he was Rebekah's son. She ran and told her father.
13When Laban heard the news about Jacob, his sister's son, he ran to meet Jacob. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob repeated all these things to Laban. 14Laban said to him, “Certainly you are my own flesh and blood.”[]
Jacob lived with him for a month. 15Then Laban said to Jacob, “Because you are my relative, is that any reason you should serve me for nothing? Tell me, what shall your wages be?”
16Laban had two daughters. The name of the older one was Leah, and the name of the younger was Rachel. 17Leah had attractive eyes,[] but Rachel had a beautiful face and figure. 18Jacob loved Rachel. He said, “I will serve you seven years for Rachel, your younger daughter.”
19Laban said, “It is better for me to give her to you than to give her to another man. Stay with me.”
20Jacob served seven years for Rachel. They seemed to him like a few days, because of the love he had for her.
21Jacob said to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my time of service is finished, so that I may go to her.”
22Laban gathered together all the local people and made a feast. 23When evening had arrived, he took Leah his daughter and brought her to Jacob, and Jacob went to her. 24(Laban gave his maid Zilpah to his daughter Leah as her maid.) 25When morning came, Jacob realized it was Leah. So Jacob said to Laban, “What is this you have done to me? Didn't I serve you for Rachel? Why have you deceived me?”
26Laban said, “That is not the way we do it here. We do not give the younger before the firstborn. 27Fulfill the marriage week for this one, and we will give you the other one too—for seven more years of service.”
28So that is what Jacob did. When he fulfilled the marriage week, Laban gave him Rachel his daughter as his wife. 29(Laban gave his maid Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be her maid.) 30Jacob also went to Rachel, and he loved Rachel more than Leah. He served Laban seven more years.
Jacob's Family
31The Lord saw that Leah was not loved, and he allowed her to conceive, but Rachel had no children. 32Leah became pregnant and gave birth to a son, and she named him Reuben,[] because she had said, “The Lord has looked at my misery. So now my husband will love me.”
33She conceived again and gave birth to a son and said, “Because the Lord has heard that I am hated, he has given me this son also.” So she named him Simeon.[]
34She conceived again and gave birth to a son. She said, “Now this time my husband will be attached to me, because I have given birth to three sons for him.” That is why he was named Levi.[]
35She conceived again and gave birth to a son. She said, “This time I will praise the Lord.” So she named him Judah.[] Then she stopped having children.


  • 29:1 This expression usually refers to nomadic or semi-nomadic tribes.
  • 29:14 Literally my bone and my flesh
  • 29:17 Is this a negative description or a positive one? Were Leah's eyes weak or lacking sparkle, or were they delicate, tender, or lovely? At best, it seems that this is a weak compliment. Compared to her sister, Leah looked plain.
  • 29:32 Reuben means Look, a son.
  • 29:33 Simeon means he heard.
  • 29:34 Levi sounds likejoined to.
  • 29:35 Judah means praise.