Old Testament

Numbers 33
Forty Stages of Israel's Journey
331These were the stages in the Israelites' journey when they went out from the land of Egypt, lined up according to their military units, under the leadership of Moses and Aaron. 2At the command of the Lord, Moses recorded their departure locations according to the stages in their journey. These were the stages in their journey listed by their departure locations.
From Egypt to Sinai
3They set out from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month, the day after the Passover. The Israelites went out defiantly[] in the sight of all the Egyptians, 4while the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn, whom the Lord had struck down among them. The Lord also brought judgment on their gods. 5The Israelites set out from Rameses and camped at Sukkoth.
6They set out from Sukkoth and camped at Etham, which is on the edge of the wilderness.
7They set out from Etham and turned back to Pi Hahiroth, which faces Baal Zephon. They camped in front of Migdol.
8They set out from Pi Hahiroth[] and crossed through the middle of the sea into the wilderness. They traveled for three days in the Wilderness of Etham and camped at Marah.
9They set out from Marah and came to Elim. At Elim there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees. They camped there.
10They set out from Elim and camped by the Red Sea.
11They set out from the Red Sea and camped in the Wilderness of Sin.
12They set out from the Wilderness of Sin and camped at Dophkah.
13They set out from Dophkah and camped at Alush.
14They set out from Alush and camped at Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink.
15They set out from Rephidim and camped in the Wilderness of Sinai.
From Sinai to Kadesh and the Years of Wandering
16They set out from the Wilderness of Sinai and camped at Kibroth Hatta'avah.
17They set out from Kibroth Hatta'avah and camped at Hazeroth.
18They set out from Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah.
19They set out from Rithmah and camped at Rimmon Perez.
20They set out from Rimmon Perez and camped at Libnah.
21They set out from Libnah and camped at Rissah.
22They set out from Rissah and camped at Kehelathah.
23They set out from Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher.
24They set out from Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah.
25They set out from Haradah and camped at Makheloth.
26They set out from Makheloth and camped at Tahath.
27They set out from Tahath and camped at Terah.
28They set out from Terah and camped at Mithkah.
29They set out from Mithkah and camped at Hashmonah.
30They set out from Hashmonah and camped at Moseroth.
31They set out from Moseroth and camped at Bene Ja'akan.
32They set out from Bene Ja'akan and camped at Hor Haggidgad.
33They set out from Hor Haggidgad and camped at Jotbathah.
34They set out from Jotbathah and camped at Abronah.
35They set out from Abronah and camped at Ezion Geber.
36They set out from Ezion Geber and camped in the Wilderness of Zin, that is, at Kadesh.
Journey from Kadesh to the Plains of Moab
37They set out from Kadesh and camped at Mount Hor, on the edge of the land of Edom.
38Aaron the priest went up onto Mount Hor at the Lord's command and died there in the fortieth year after the Israelites had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fifth month, on the first day of the month. 39Aaron was one hundred twenty-three years old when he died at Mount Hor.
40The Canaanite king of Arad, who lived in the Negev in the land of Canaan, heard that the Israelites were coming.
41They set out from Mount Hor and camped at Zalmonah.
42They set out from Zalmonah and camped at Punon.
43They set out from Punon and camped at Oboth.
44They set out from Oboth and camped at Iye Abarim, on the border of Moab.
45They set out from Iyim[] and camped at Dibon Gad.
46They set out from Dibon Gad and camped at Almon Diblathaim.
47They set out from Almon Diblathaim and camped by the mountains of the Abarim range, near Nebo.
48They set out from the mountains of Abarim and camped on the Plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho. 49They camped by the Jordan, from Beth Jeshimoth to Abel Shittim, on the Plains of Moab.
Instructions for Conquering Canaan
50On the Plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho, the Lord spoke to Moses: 51“Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 52you shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land before you, destroy all their carved images and all their cast idols, and destroy all their high places. 53You shall take possession of the land and settle in it, because I have given the land to you to possess it. 54You shall distribute the land as a possession by lot according to your clans. For a larger clan you shall increase its inheritance. For a smaller clan you shall decrease its inheritance. Wherever the lot falls for that clan, that will be its portion. You will distribute the land as a possession according to the tribes of your fathers. 55But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land before you, then those that you allow to remain will become barbs in your eyes and thorns in your sides. They will cause trouble for you in the land where you will settle. 56Then I will do to you what I planned to do to them.’”


  • 33:3 Literally with a high hand
  • 33:8 This translation, from Pi Hahiroth, follows many Hebrew manuscripts, the Samaritan Pentateuch, and the Latin version. Most Hebrew manuscripts read left from before Hahiroth.
  • 33:45 A shortened form of Iye Abarim