Old Testament

Isaiah 53
531Who has believed our report,
and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?
2He grew up before him like a tender shoot[]
and like a root from dry ground.
He had no attractiveness and no majesty.
When we saw him, nothing about his appearance made us desire him.
3He was despised and rejected by men,
a man who knew grief,
who was well acquainted with suffering.
Like someone whom people cannot bear to look at,
he was despised,
and we thought nothing of him.
4Surely he was taking up our weaknesses,[]
and he was carrying our sufferings.
We thought it was because of God
that he was stricken, smitten, and afflicted,
5but it was because of our rebellion that he was pierced.
He was crushed for the guilt our sins deserved.
The punishment that brought us peace was upon him,
and by his wounds we are healed.
6We all have gone astray like sheep.
Each of us has turned to his own way,
but the Lord has charged all our guilt to him.
7He was oppressed, and he was afflicted,
yet he did not open his mouth.
Like a lamb he was led to the slaughter,
and like a sheep[] that is silent in front of its shearers,
he did not open his mouth.
8He was taken away without a fair trial[] and without justice,
and of his generation, who even cared?[]
So, he was cut off from the land of the living.
He was struck because of the rebellion of my people.
9They would have assigned him a grave with the wicked,
but he was given a grave with the rich in his death,
because he had done no violence,
and no deceit was in his mouth.
10Yet it was the Lord's will to crush him
and to allow him to suffer.
Because you[] made his life a guilt offering, he will see offspring.
He will prolong his days,
and the Lord's gracious plan will succeed in his hand.
11After his soul experiences anguish, he will see the light of life.[]
He will provide satisfaction.[]
Through their knowledge of him, my just servant will justify the many,
for he himself carried their guilt.[]
12Therefore I will give him an allotment among the great,[]
and with the strong he will share plunder,
because he poured out his life to death,
and he let himself be counted with rebellious sinners.
He himself carried the sin of many,
and he intercedes for the rebels.


  • 53:2 A shoot or sucker is a plant that grows up from the stump where a tree has been cut down.
  • 53:4 Or sicknesses
  • 53:7 Or ewe
  • 53:8 Or protection
  • 53:8 Verse 8 is difficult, and translations and arrangements of the verse vary widely.
  • 53:10 The shift to the second person pronoun you must refer to God, who gives his Son as a sin offering.
  • 53:11 The words the light of life are not included in the standard Hebrew text but are in the Dead Sea Scroll of Isaiah.
  • 53:11 Or be satisfied. The understanding of this line depends on whether the subject is the Messiah, as is the case in all the other lines of this verse, or it is God the Father, who is satisfied by the Messiah's suffering. The understanding of the verse also depends on whether the variant the light of life is included in the preceding line. Another factor is whether this line goes with what precedes or with what follows. What is clear is that the Messiah provides a full payment for sin (satisfaction), and the Lord is satisfied with that payment. What is uncertain is which of these two points is stressed by this verb.
  • 53:11 As in verse 5, the Hebrew term is plural and refers to the guilt deserved for sins.
  • 53:12 Or give him the many as his portion