Old Testament

Galatians 4
God Sent His Son
41What I am saying is this: As long as the heir is a young child, he is no different from a slave. Although he is owner of everything, 2he is still under guardians and managers until the day set by his father. 3So also, when we were younger children, we were enslaved under the basic principles of the world. 4But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son to be born of a woman, so that he would be born under the law, 5in order to redeem those under the law, so that we would be adopted as sons. 6And because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts to shout, “Abba, Father!” 7So you are no longer a slave, but a son. And if you are a son, then you are also an heir of God through Christ.[]
Paul's Concern for the Gentiles
8Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods. 9But now that you know God, or rather are known by God, why are you turning back again to the basic principles that are weak and miserable? Do you want to be enslaved by them all over again? 10You carefully observe days, months, seasons, and years. 11I am fearful about you, that somehow my labor for you was wasted.
12I beg you, brothers, become like me, for I also became like you. You did me no harm. 13You know that, because of a weakness of the flesh, I preached the gospel to you the first time. 14And you did not despise or disdain the test my flesh gave you. Instead, you welcomed me as an angel of God, as Christ Jesus.
15So where is this blessed attitude of yours now? Yes, I can say for a fact that, if it were possible, you would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me. 16So then, have I become your enemy by telling you the truth? 17Those people are eager to win you over, but not in a good way. Rather, they want to alienate you, so that you will be eager for them. 18But it is always a good thing to have someone eager in a good way—not just when I am present with you.
19My children, I am suffering birth pains for you again until Christ is formed in you. 20I wish I were present with you now and could change my tone, because I am perplexed about you.
An Illustration: Hagar and Sarah
21Tell me, you who want to be under the law, are you really listening to the law? 22For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman, and one by the free woman. 23However, the son by the slave woman was born according to the flesh, but the son by the free woman was born through a promise. 24These things can be used as an illustration; namely, the women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children into slavery. This is Hagar. 25You see,[] this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and she corresponds to present-day Jerusalem, because Jerusalem is in slavery along with her children. 26But the Jerusalem that is above is free. She is our mother. 27For it is written:
Rejoice, barren woman who does not give birth. Break forth and shout for joy, woman who does not suffer birth pains, because the barren woman has more children than does the woman who has a husband.[]
28Now you,[] brothers, like Isaac, are children of the promise. 29But just as back then the one who was born according to the flesh persecuted the one who was born according to the Spirit, so this is also the case now. 30But what does the Scripture say? “Throw out the slave woman and her son, because the son of the slave woman will certainly not receive the inheritance with the son of the free woman.”[] 31For this same reason, brothers, we are not children of a slave woman, but of the free woman.