Old Testament

Joshua 15
The Borders of Judah
151This was the allotment for the tribe of the descendants of Judah according to their clans. It extended south to the border with Edom and through the Negev to the Wilderness of Zin in the extreme south.
2Their border on the south started from the south end of the Dead Sea,[] from the bay[] that faces south.
3It goes south from the Ascent of Akrabbim and crosses over to Zin and ascends from south of Kadesh Barnea.
Then it crosses over to Hezron and ascends to Adar and curves around to Karka.
4Then it crosses over to Azmon and goes out to the Stream of Egypt.[]
The border ends at the Mediterranean Sea.
This is your southern border.
5The border on the east is the Dead Sea,[] up to the mouth of the Jordan.
The border on the north side starts from the bay of the sea at the mouth of the Jordan.
6The border ascends to Beth Hoglah and crosses over north of Beth Arabah.
Then the border ascends to the Stone of Bohan, the son of Reuben.
7Then the border ascends to Debir from the Valley of Achor and turns north toward Gilgal, which is opposite the Ascent of Adummim, which is south of the streambed.
Then the border crosses over to the waters of En Shemesh, ending at En Rogel.
8Then the border ascends through the Valley of the Son Hinnom at the slope of the Jebusites on the south side of Jerusalem.
Then the border ascends to the top of the mountain that is across the Valley of Hinnom on the west side, where Hinnom meets the north end of the Valley of Rephaim.
9Then the border bends from the top of the mountain to the spring of the Waters of Nephtoah and goes out to the cities of Mount Ephron.
Then the border bends toward Baalah—that is, Kiriath Jearim.
10The border curves around from Baalah westward to Mount Seir and crosses over to the slope of Mount Jearim from the north—that is, Kesalon—and descends to Beth Shemesh, then crosses over to Timnah.
11The border goes out to the slope of Ekron, on the north.
Then the border bends to Shikkeron and crosses over Mount Baalah, and goes out to Jabne'el, and the border ends at the sea.
12The border on the west—the Mediterranean Sea[] is the border.
This is the border on all sides for the descendants of Judah according to their clans.
An Inheritance for Caleb
13To Caleb son of Jephunneh Joshua gave a portion among the people of Judah, in keeping with the word of the Lord to Joshua, namely, the city of Kiriath Arba (Arba was the father of Anak). Kiriath Arba is now called Hebron. 14Caleb drove out from there the three sons of Anak: Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak. 15Then he went up from there against the inhabitants of Debir. The name of Debir was formerly Kiriath Sepher.
16Caleb said, “If anyone attacks Kiriath Sepher and captures it, I will give my daughter Aksah to him as his wife.” 17Othniel son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb,[] captured Kiriath Sepher, and Caleb gave his daughter Aksah to him as his wife.
18When she came to Othniel, she pressured him to ask her father for some pastureland.[] As he dismounted from the donkey, Caleb said to her, “What do you want?”
19She said, “Give me a blessing. Since you have given me land in the dry Negev, you should also give me springs of water.” So he gave her the upper springs and the lower springs.
The Cities in Judah
20This is the inheritance of the tribe of the people of Judah according to their clans.
21The cities at the southern edge of the tribe of the people of Judah along the border with Edom in the Negev are:
Kabze'el, Eder, Jagur, 22Kinah, Dimonah, Adadah, 23Kedesh, Hazor, Ithnan, 24Ziph, Telem, Bealoth, 25Hazor Hadattah, Kerioth Hezron (that is, Hazor), 26Amam, Shema, Moladah, 27Hazar Gaddah, Heshmon, Beth Pelet, 28Hazar Shual, Beersheba, Biziothiah, 29Baalah, Iyim, Ezem, 30Eltolad, Kesil, Hormah, 31Ziklag, Madmannah, Sansannah, 32Lebaoth, Shilhim, Ain, and Rimmon—twenty-nine cities and their villages.[]
33In the Shephelah the cities are:
Eshtaol, Zorah, Ashnah, 34Zanoah, En Gannim, Tappuah, Enam, 35Jarmuth, Adullam, Sokoh, Azekah, 36Sha'araim, Adithaim, Gederah, and Gederothaim[]—fourteen cities and their villages.
37Zenan, Hadashah, Migdal Gad, 38Dilan, Mizpah, Jokthe'el, 39Lachish, Bozkath, Eglon, 40Kabbon, Lahmas, Kitlish, 41Gederoth, Beth Dagon, Na'amah, and Makkedah—sixteen cities and their villages.
42Libnah, Ether, Ashan, 43Iphtah, Ashnah, Nezib, 44Keilah, Akzib, and Mareshah—nine cities and their villages.
45Ekron and its surrounding towns and its villages.
46West of Ekron, all the towns that are near Ashdod and their villages.
47Also Ashdod with its surrounding towns, and its villages.
Gaza with its surrounding towns and its villages, as far as the Stream of Egypt, with the Mediterranean Sea as the boundary.
48In the hill country the cities are:
Shamir, Jattir, Sokoh, 49Dannah, Kiriath Sannah (that is, Debir), 50Anab, Eshtemoh, Anim, 51Goshen, Holon, and Giloh—eleven cities and their villages.
52Arab, Rumah, Eshan, 53Janum, Beth Tappuah, Aphekah, 54Humtah, Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron), and Zior—nine cities and their villages.
55Maon, Carmel, Ziph, Juttah, 56Jezre'el, Jokdeam, Zanoah, 57Kain, Gibeah, and Timnah—ten cities and their villages.
58Halhul, Beth Zur, Gedor, 59Ma'arath, Beth Anoth, and Eltekon— six cities and their villages.
˻Tekoa, Ephrathah (that is, Bethlehem), Peor, Etam, Kolan, Tatem, Shoresh, Kerem, Gallim, Bether and Manoko—eleven cities and their villages.˼[]
60Kiriath Baal (that is, Kiriath Jearim) and Rabbah—two cities and their villages.
61In the wilderness the cities are:
Beth Arabah, Middin, Sekakah, 62Nibshan, Ir Melah, and En Gedi—six cities and their villages.
63But as for the Jebusites, who were the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the people of Judah were not able to drive them out. The Jebusites have lived with the people of Judah in Jerusalem to this day.


  • 15:2 Hebrew Salt Sea
  • 15:2 The Hebrew word lashon, translated bay in this verse and in verse 5, means tongue. Tongue might plausibly refer to a tongue-shaped bay, but there are no noticeable bays or peninsulas on the north and south shores of the sea, so the significance of the term in these verses is uncertain. It may simply mean shore or end.
  • 15:4 This is not the Nile but one of the seasonal streams in the wilderness, perhaps at Arish. It is also called the Wadi of Egypt or the Brook of Egypt.
  • 15:5 Hebrew Salt Sea
  • 15:12 Hebrew the Great Sea
  • 15:17 It is not certain whether Othniel or Kenaz was Caleb's brother. It seems most likely that it was Kenaz.
  • 15:18 As the text is translated here, Aksah urged her husband to ask her father for the land, but he apparently did not do so, which would account for her making the request herself. See Judges 1:14–15.
  • 15:32 There are more than twenty-nine cities listed. In fact, there are thirty-six. Some of the totals given in the lists do not correspond with the number of locations named. Many of the city names also have different spellings in different texts. The footnotes do not cite every variant spelling.
  • 15:36 There are fourteen cities without Gederothaim, so it may be an alternate name for Gederah.
  • 15:59 This list of eleven cities is not present in the Hebrew text, but it is in the Greek Old Testament. It seems unlikely that a list of the cities of Judah would not include Bethlehem.