Old Testament

2 Chronicles 9
The Queen of Sheba Visits Solomon
91The Queen of Sheba heard about Solomon's fame, so she came to Jerusalem to test Solomon with difficult questions. She came with a very great entourage,[] with camels carrying spices, a large quantity of gold, and precious stones. She came to Solomon and spoke with him about everything that was on her heart.
2Solomon answered all her questions. There was nothing hidden from Solomon that he could not explain to her.
3When the Queen of Sheba saw the wisdom of Solomon, the house which he had built, 4the food on his table, the council meeting of his officials, the careful attention of his ministers and their attire, also his cupbearers and their attire, and the passageway by which he went up to the House of the Lord,[] it took her breath away.
5She said to the king, “The report I heard in my land about your accomplishments[] and about your wisdom is true. 6I did not believe the report, until I came and saw it with my own eyes. Now I find that I was not informed about even half of the greatness of your wisdom. You surpass the report that I heard. 7Blessed are your men! Blessed are your servants, who continually stand before you and hear your wisdom!
8“Blessed be the Lord your God, who has been delighted with you and has placed you on his throne as king to serve the Lord your God. Because of your God's love for Israel and his purpose of establishing Israel forever, he has placed you over them as king to administer justice and righteousness.”
9Then she gave the king one hundred twenty talents[] of gold, a very great quantity of spices and incense,[] and precious stones. There was nothing comparable to these spices and incense that the Queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.
10In addition, the servants of Huram and Solomon who brought gold from Ophir also brought algum[] wood and precious stones. 11The king made the algum wood into steps[] for the Lord's house and for the house of the king and into lyres and harps for the singers. Nothing like them had ever been seen before in the land of Judah.
12King Solomon gave the Queen of Sheba everything she desired, whatever she asked for, more than what she had brought to the king. Then she returned to her land along with her servants.
Solomon's Wealth
13The weight of the gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred sixty-six talents,[] 14not counting what the traders and merchants were bringing. All the kings of Arabia and the governors of the land also kept bringing gold and silver to Solomon.
15King Solomon made two hundred large shields of hammered gold. Seven and a half pounds[] of hammered gold went into each shield. 16He made three hundred small shields of hammered gold. Almost four pounds[] of gold went into each shield. The king put them in the House of the Forest of Lebanon.
17The king made a large ivory throne and overlaid it with pure gold. 18There were six steps up to the throne. A golden footstool was attached to the throne, and there were armrests on either side of the seat. There were two lions standing beside the armrests 19and twelve lions standing on the steps, one on each end of each step. Nothing like it had ever been made for any kingdom.
20All of King Solomon's drinking vessels were gold. All the utensils in the House of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold.[] Silver was not thought to be worth anything in the days of Solomon, 21because the king's ships would go to Tarshish[] with the servants of Huram, and once every three years the Tarshish ships would return, bringing gold, silver, ivory, monkeys, and peacocks.[]
22King Solomon was greater than all the kings of the earth in wealth and wisdom. 23All the kings of the earth were seeking an audience with Solomon to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart. 24Each of them would bring his gift: articles of silver and gold, clothing, scents,[] spices, horses, and mules, year after year.
25Solomon had four thousand teams[] of horses and chariots and twelve thousand charioteers. He stationed them in the chariot cities and in Jerusalem with him.
26He was ruling over all the kings from the Euphrates to the land of the Philistines, to the border of Egypt.
27The king made silver in Jerusalem as plentiful as ordinary stones, and the cedars were like the sycamore fig trees, which are so abundant in the Shephelah.[]
28Horses were imported for Solomon from Egypt and from all the lands.
The Death of Solomon
29The rest of the acts of Solomon, from the first to the last, are they not written in the records of Nathan the prophet, in the prophecy of Ahijah from Shiloh, and in the visions of Iddo the seer about Jeroboam son of Nebat?
30Solomon ruled in Jerusalem and over all Israel for forty years, 31and then Solomon rested with his fathers and was buried in the city of his father David. His son Rehoboam became king in his place.


  • 9:1 Or a very impressive display of wealth
  • 9:4 Or and the whole burnt offerings which he offered at the House of the Lord, which is the main reading in the parallel in 1 Kings 10:5. The context seems to require something impressive about the palace.
  • 9:5 Or words
  • 9:9 About nine thousand pounds
  • 9:9 Spices and incense— the Hebrew text has only one word here. In English we usually distinguish spices which flavor food, fragrances which are applied to the body, and incense which is burned, but all of these meanings can be expressed by one Hebrew word. Sometimes it takes more than one English word to cover the range of one Hebrew word.
  • 9:10 Perhaps a type of sandalwood. In 1 Kings 10:11, it reads almug wood.
  • 9:11 Or supports
  • 9:13 Almost fifty thousand pounds
  • 9:15 The Hebrew reads six hundred ___ of gold. Six hundred bekas would be seven and a half pounds, but the Hebrew text supplies no unit of measure. If the unit of measurement is the shekel, the weight in pounds would double.
  • 9:16 The Hebrew reads three hundred ____ of gold. The parallel in 1 Kings 10:17 reads three minas. A mina is sixty or perhaps fifty shekels. The ratio of bekas to minas supports the idea that the weight here is bekas.
  • 9:20 Literally closed gold. Perhaps this means gold plate, but most translators think it means pure gold.
  • 9:21 Or the king had ships that could go to Tarshish. In other passages Tarshish is located on the Mediterranean Sea, but everything in this passage points to trade on the Red Sea. In that case, this phrase refers to the type of ship, not to the destination. Or there may be an otherwise unknown Tarshish on the Red Sea.
  • 9:21 Or apes or baboons
  • 9:24 Or tools and weapons
  • 9:25 Or stalls
  • 9:27 That is, the western foothills