Old Testament

Almost twenty years after the people of Judah, led by Zerubbabel the prince and Joshua the high priest, had returned from captivity in Babylon, they still had not finished rebuilding the Temple. So in 520 BC the Lord sent Haggai and his colleague Zechariah to encourage the people to finish the Temple and to point them ahead to the greater glory that this temple would have when Christ would come to it.
We know nothing about the life of Haggai.
The First Set of Messages:
Build the Lord's House
11In the second year of King Darius,[] on the first day of the sixth month,[] the word of the Lord came through[] Haggai the prophet to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, the governor of Judah, and to Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest.
2This is what the Lord of Armies[] says. This people has said, “It is not the right time for the House of the Lord to be built.”
3So the word of the Lord came through Haggai the prophet.
4Is it time for you to live in your paneled houses while this house lies in ruins? 5Now this is what the Lord of Armies says. Consider your ways carefully. 6You sow much seed but you harvest little. You eat but you are never satisfied. You drink but you never become drunk. You get dressed, but no one is warm. The one who makes money puts that money into a bag with a hole in it.
7This is what the Lord of Armies says. Consider your ways carefully. 8Go up to the mountains, bring lumber down, and build the House. I will be pleased with it, and I will be glorified, says the Lord.
9You expected much, but look, there was little. When you brought it home, I blew it away.
Why did I do that? This is a declaration of the Lord of Armies. It is because my house lies in ruins, while each of you is busy with your own house. 10So it is because of you that the heavens have withheld the dew and the earth has withheld its produce. 11I called for a drought on the land, on the mountains, on the grain, on the new wine, on the olive oil, on everything which the soil produces, on people, on livestock, and on all the labor of your hands.
12Then Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, and Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest, with all the surviving remnant[] of the people, listened to the voice of the Lord their God and to the words of Haggai the prophet, because the Lord their God had sent him. So the people feared the Lord.
13Then Haggai, the Lord's messenger, spoke the Lord's message to the people: “I am with you, declares the Lord.”
14The Lord stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and the spirit of all the surviving remnant of the people, and they came and worked on the house for the Lord of Armies, their God, 15on the twenty-fourth day of the sixth month, in the second year of King Darius.


  • 1:1 520 BC
  • 1:1 August/September
  • 1:1 Literally by the hand of
  • 1:2 Traditionally Lord of Hosts. Hebrew Lord of Sebaoth. The sebaoth are the armies of heaven, namely, the stars and the angels.
  • 1:12 This is a common name for the people who had returned to Judah from captivity in Babylon.