Old Testament

The apostle Paul was the inspired writer of Titus. The approximate date of writing may have been 66 AD, in the fall. See Titus 3:12.
11Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, for the faith of God's elect people and the knowledge of the truth that conforms to godliness, 2based on the hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before time began. 3At the proper time he revealed this in his word, in the preaching that was entrusted to me by the command of God our Savior,
4To Titus, my true child in our common faith:
Grace[] and peace from God our Father and Christ Jesus our Savior.
Titus' Work in Crete
5The reason I left you in Crete was so that you would set in order the things that were left unfinished and appoint elders in every city, as I directed you. 6Such a man is to be blameless, the husband of only one wife, and to have believing children who are not open to a charge of wild living or disobedience. 7Indeed an overseer, since he is God's steward, must be blameless, not arrogant, not quick-tempered, not a drunkard, not violent, not eager for dishonest gain. 8Instead, he must be hospitable, loving what is good, self-controlled, upright, devout, and disciplined. 9He must cling to the trustworthy message as it has been taught, so that he will be able both to encourage people by the sound teaching and also to correct[] those who oppose him.
10For there are many who are rebellious, whose words are empty, and who deceive, especially those of the circumcision party. 11The mouths of these people must be stopped, because they are ruining whole households by teaching what they should not teach, for the sake of dishonest gain. 12One of their own prophets said, “Cretans are always liars, vicious beasts, and lazy gluttons.”[] 13This testimony is true. For this reason, correct them sharply so that they may be sound in the faith, 14not paying attention to Jewish myths or the commands of people who turn their backs on the truth. 15All things are pure to those who are pure. But nothing is pure to those who are defiled and do not believe; rather, both their minds and consciences are defiled. 16They claim to know God, but by their actions they deny him. They are detestable, disobedient, and unfit to do anything good.


  • 1:4 A few witnesses to the text add mercy. (“Witnesses to the text” mentioned in footnotes may include Greek manuscripts, lectionaries, translations, and quotations in the church fathers.)
  • 1:9 Or expose
  • 1:12 This statement is attributed to Epimenides, a Cretan poet (sixth century BC).