Old Testament

Romans 11
God Graciously Chose a Remnant
111So I say, did God reject his people? Absolutely not! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham from the tribe of Benjamin. 2God did not reject his people whom he foreknew—or don't you know what Scripture says about Elijah, how he was pleading with God against Israel: 3“Lord, they have killed your prophets and torn down your altars. I am the only one left, and they are trying to take my life.”[] 4But what did God's answer tell him? “I have reserved for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.”[]
5So in the same way at the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace.[] 6Now if it is by grace, then it is not the result of works—otherwise grace would no longer be grace.[]
God Planned a Way to Recover Some of the Hardened Jews
7What then? Israel did not receive what it was striving to get. The elect did, but the rest were hardened. 8Just as it is written:
God gave them a spirit of stupor,
eyes that do not see and ears that do not hear,
right up to the present day.[]
9And David says:
Let their table be a trap and a net,
and a snare and a retribution for them.
10Let their eyes be darkened so they do not see,
and let their backs be always bent.[]
11So I ask, “Did they stumble in order to fall permanently?” Absolutely not! Rather, by their trespass, salvation came to the Gentiles to make the Israelites jealous. 12Now if their trespass meant riches for the world, and their failure meant riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their fullness mean!
13I am speaking to you Gentiles. For as long as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I am going to speak highly of my ministry. 14Perhaps I may make my own people jealous, and so save some of them. 15For if their rejection meant the reconciliation of the world, what does their acceptance mean other than the dead coming to life?
Gentiles Should Not Become Proud
16If the part offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole batch. And if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17But if some of the branches were broken off, and you—a wild olive branch—were grafted in among them and share in the rich sap from the root of the olive tree, 18do not boast that you are better than the branches. If you do boast, remember that you are not supporting the root, but the root is supporting you. 19Then you will say: “Branches were broken off so that I am grafted in.” 20That is true, but remember that they were broken off because of unbelief, and you remain in place by faith. Do not be conceited, but stand in awe. 21For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you. 22So take note of God's kindness and his severity: severity on those who have fallen, but God's kindness on you, if you remain in his kindness; otherwise, you also will be cut off.
Some Jews Will Be Grafted in Again
23And if they do not remain in unbelief, those branches will be grafted in again, because God is able to graft them in again. 24For if you were cut off from a wild olive tree and, contrary to nature, were grafted into a cultivated olive tree, how much more easily will these natural branches be grafted back into their own olive tree?
25For I do not want you to be uninformed about this mystery, brothers, so that you are not conceited in your opinion of yourselves. There has been a hardening of part of Israel until the full number of Gentiles has come in. 26And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written:
The Deliverer will come out of Zion;
he will remove ungodliness from Jacob.
27And this is my covenant with them
when I take away their sins.[]
The Paradox of How God Shows Mercy
28In regard to the gospel, they are enemies for your sake. But, in regard to election, they are especially dear for the sake of the patriarchs, 29because God's gracious gifts and call are not regretted. 30For just as you were once disobedient to God, but now have been shown mercy due to their disobedience, 31so also now they have become disobedient, so that by the mercy shown to you they may be shown mercy too. 32For God imprisoned all in disobedience so that he may show mercy to all.
33Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God!
How unsearchable are his judgments
and how untraceable his ways!
34For who has known the mind of the Lord,
or who has been his adviser?[]
35Or who has first given to God
that he will be repaid?[]
36For from him and through him and to him are all things.
To him be the glory forever! Amen.