Old Testament

Revelation 1:4-5
To the seven churches in the province of Asia:[]
Grace to you and peace from him who is, who was, and who is coming, and from the seven spirits that are before his throne, 5and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth.
To him who loves us and has freed[] us from our sins by his own blood


  • 1:4 Here Asia refers to the Roman province of Asia (located in what is now Turkey), not the continent of Asia.
  • 1:5 Some witnesses to the text read washed. (“Witnesses to the text” mentioned in footnotes may include Greek manuscripts, lectionaries, translations, and quotations in the church fathers.)